the mid 1980s, AFES-PRESS and members of the Interuniversity Network
for Studies on Technology Assessment in Defence (INSTEAD) in the
Netherlands have closely cooperated on several conference and joint
-INSTEAD Workshop, 1988
the tri-annual conference of the German Political Science Association
(DVPW) in 1988 in Darmstadt, members of AFES-PRESS and INSTEAD organised
a panel for specialists working on weapons technologies. For a brief
review of the results see:
Günter Brauch: "Spezialistentreffen: Strategische Stabilität
und politische Institutionen des Defense Technology Assessment",
in: Hans-Hermann Hartwich (Hrsg.): Macht und Ohnmacht politischer
Institutionen (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1989): 490-501.
Conference Project in 1991
late October 1991, AFES-PRESS and INSTEAD (Inter-university Network
for Studies on Technology Assessment in Defence in the Netherlands)
with the financial support of the German Research Society (DFG),
the Ministry of Education in Baden-Württemberg and of the Ministry
of Defence in the Netherlands co-organised the Seventh AFES-PRESS
Conference that attracted 70 arms control exports from 16 countries,
including the USA, Russia, India, Japan and Peru. This volume includes
the abstracts of all presentations and a summary of the discussions
both in the plenaries and in the working groups.
the first day the presentations focused on the political and technical
aspects, specifically on the weapons innovation process and on efforts
to control military R&D in the space, the biological and chemical
context, with regard to arms embargoes and export controls and it
ended with a dinner speech by Ambassador Jonathan Dean. During the
second day three existing control regimes for dual use technologies,
the missing arms control regimes for arms exports and national implementation
of the existing regimes in the Federal Republic of Germany and problems
of the international and national control regimes were reviewed.
During the third day policy proposals for limiting vertical proliferation
by constraining military R&D perspectives from North and South
were debated that are reflected in a Mosbach Memorandum by the organisers
based on the analyses.
Joint Publication Amsterdam University Press, 1992
Günter Brauch, H.J. van der Graaf, John Grin und Wim Smit
(Eds.): Controlling the Development and Spread of Military Technology
(Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1992).
Günter Brauch: in: Frankfurter Rundschau, 1.4.1992.
Book Project in 1994-1996
study was conducted by AFES-PRESS in close cooperation with three
Dutch specialists on technology assessment. The joint report for
TAB had four aims: first, the new concept of preventive arms control
was developed; second, existing institutions, instruments and procedures
were described for the United States, the Netherlands and the Federal
Republic of Germany with respect to the linkage between weapons
innovation and civil research in areas that are sensitive for three
arms control regimes (NPT, BWC, CWC); third, it was argued whether
and how military technology assessment could be introduced as an
instrument of preventive arms control in the parliamentary system
of the Federal Republic of Germany; and fourth, it was discussed
which international initiatives the Federal Republic of Germany
should undertake with respect to preventive arms control in OSCE,
NATO, WEU, the EU and the United Nations. The book is organised
in three parts: I. theoretical context (chapters 1 and 2); II. three
empirical case studies on institutions, procedures and instruments
regarding the weapons innovation process and arms control in the
United States of America (chap. 3), the Netherlands (chap. 4) and
the Federal Republic of Germany (chap. 5) and III. conclusions (chap.
6) and recommendations (chap. 7).
Project Output: Publications
Günter Brauch - Henk van de Graaf - John Grin - Wim Smit:
Militärtechnikfolgenabschätzung und präventive
Rüstungskontrolle. Institutionen, Verfahren und Instrumente
[Military Defence Impact Assessment and Preventive Arms Control.
Institutions, Procedures and Instruments].
For an English summary of this
study (PDF file, 93 KB).