Office for Technology Assessment of the German Parliament (TAB)
was set up by the German Parliament. In spring 1993, at the initiative
of the joint Subcommittee "Disarmament and Arms Control"
of the Foreign Affairs and Defence Committees of the Bundestag a
technology assessment project was initiated on the constraints and
possibilities of an early arms control evaluation of new technologies.
AFES-PRESS was one of several research institutions in Germany that
were invited to participate in this project. The results of the
whole project are contained in the final report:
Petermann, Martin Socher, Christine Wennrich: Präventive
Rüstungskontrolle bei Neuen Technologien. Utopie oder Notwendigkeit?
(Berlin: edition sigma, 1997).
Preventive Arms Control and Military Technology Assessment
Brief Project Description
study was conducted by AFES-PRESS in close cooperation with three
Dutch colleagues that had worked extensively on technology assessment.
The joint report for TAB had four aims: first, the new concept of
preventive arms control was developed; second, existing institutions,
instruments and procedures were described for the United States,
the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany with respect
to the linkage between weapons innovation and civil research in
areas that are sensitive for three arms control regimes (NPT, BWC,
CWC); third, it was argued whether and how military technology assessment
could be introduced as an instrument of preventive arms control
in the parliamentary system of the Federal Republic of Germany;
and fourth, it was discussed which international initiatives the
Federal Republic of Germany should undertake with respect to preventive
arms control in OSCE, NATO, WEU, the EU and the United Nations.
The book is organised in three parts: I. theoretical context (chapters
1 and 2); II. three empirical case studies on institutions, procedures
and instruments regarding the weapons innovation process and arms
control in the United States of America (chap. 3), the Netherlands
(chap. 4) and the Federal Republic of Germany (chap. 5) and III.
conclusions (chap. 6) and recommendations (chap. 7).
Günter Brauch - Henk van de Graaf - John Grin - Wim Smit:
Militärtechnikfolgenabschätzung und präventive
Rüstungskontrolle. Institutionen, Verfahren und Instrumente
[Military Defence Impact Assessment and Preventive Arms Control.
Institutions, Procedures and Instruments].
For an English summary of this
study (PDF file, 93 KB)
Günter Brauch: "Military Technology Assessment and Preventive
Arms Control: Institutions, Procedures and Institutions",
in: Hendrik Bullens, Seiitsu Tachibana (Eds.) with the assistance
of Wayne Reynolds, Restructuring Security Concepts, Postures and
Industrial Base - IPRA Security and Disarmament Commission Paper
9, (Mosbach: AFES-PRESS, 1997): 147-152.